alergies allergies alergias helmints micronautes unautes helminths hypersensitivity hypersensitivities innate immunity immunidad al·làrgies alergias hipersensibilidad hipersensitivitat IgE inflamación inflamació inflammation antihistaminics antihistamínicos antihistaminics histamina hystamine dirt worm cucs gusanos

As we mention in the title, allergies and helminths could be closely related. Allergies are categorized as a hypersensitive response. As the name implies, they occur when the immune system is hypersensitive to harmless agents. What we commonly know as allergies (asthma, rhinitis, dermatitis…) are really type I hypersensitivities. FourRead More →

Throughout history we find women scientists with an exceptional career, but who have not received the recognition they deserve. And although society struggles against this difference, it is interesting to know the lives and experiences of important women scientists to prevent history from repeating itself. Today, in honor of theRead More →

Micromartyrs (1) Surely most of you know someone who has been told by his doctor that he has a bacteria in his stomach producing acid reflux, heartburns… this bacteria is Helicobacter pylori. First of all, some notes about Helicobacter pylori: By Y tambe (Y tambe’s file) [GFDL ( or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], viaRead More →

botrytis cinerea wine vino vi podridura noble gris gray grey rot podredumbre vino vid wine production moisture humedad humitat water

Noble rot sounds like an oxymoron, right? It is the name given to a singular infection produced by the fungus Botrytis cinerea on the grapes. Although it can cause disasters in agriculture, it is also very valuable. First of all, we introduce the fungus Botrytis cinerea is the name of the anamorphic*Read More →

microbial factories cell producers unautes micronautes insulin

Microorganisms and factories, how are they related? It is well known that proteins of human origin have a high pharmaceutical value; they are very appreciated and cannot be obtained as other natural resources. Diabetics, for example, traditionally acquired their to doses of insulin (hormone responsible for the regulation of bloodRead More →

“Supermicrobes” mini-posts series aims to highlight bacteria, archaea or virus with the most peculiar characteristics. Magnetospirillum and its magnetotaxis   Magnetospirillum has the honor to start the “Supermicrobes” series. It is a magnetotactic bacteria capable of orientating itself and swim using flagella following the magnetic field lines around the globe. As otherRead More →

Some years yes, others do not; Why is the flu virus affecting us different every year and the vaccine does not always work well? The two questions have the same answer: The flu virus (called Influenza) is constantly changing. These constant changes occur through two phenomena of which we willRead More →

Washing our hands before eating and after going to the bathroom; does it end here? Let’s talk about money. This time we will discuss a third situation in which we should consider our hygiene: handling money. Banknotes and coins are fomites* usually exchanged for goods and services. They pass throughRead More →